Acid Rain

Acid Rain is a general name of all acid fallouts which can appear in the form of rain, fog or acid snow. Molecules of acids can also fall on the Earth’s surface with molecues of dust. Pollution like this appears usually nearby the source of it. However, Acid rain, fog or snow can appear even over 1000 km from the place of their origin

 

 

Acid rain generally falls on the areas where atmosphere is in danger of longterm emission of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide which get into the atmosphere from natural sources like for example from active volcanoes and from artificial sources like fumes emitted from chimneys from factories, power stations or cars.
Acid rain has a dramatic influence on many aspects of life. It exerts a negative influence on flora and fauna. However, it is an unquestionable cause of plentiful illnesses like breathing difficulties. It also accelerates the corrosion of many architectural monuments and buildings.

The influence on plants


Acid rain causes the death of large number of trees and also has destructive influence on the undergrowth of woods or forests. Acid rain also destroys the soil which looses nutritional values and causes that plants become extinct.

 

Influence at the water and animals


Acid Rain gets into the rivers and lakes what causes high levels of water acidity. It makes water inaccessible for animals and for people. Animals which use acid water do not grow as they should or even finally die.

The influence on buildings

Acid rain accelerates weathering of buildings made from sandstone. It is a significant cause of destruction of paintings and photographs at galleries and museums, as well as books at libraries.

How to Stop acid rains?

If we want to stop acid rain occurring, we should:

- build high and wide chimneys in houses and most of all in factories.
- use lime as a thing which neutralizes acid in water.
- finish burning the fumes.
- use public transport and limit the use of cars.
- use alternative sources of energy like: water, sun and wind